KEPEMIMPINAN, SISTEM DAN STRUKTUR ORGANISASI, LINGKUNGAN FISIK, DAN KEEFEKTIFAN ORGANISASI

 

KEPEMIMPINAN, SISTEM DAN STRUKTUR ORGANISASI,
LINGKUNGAN FISIK,
DAN KEEFEKTIFAN ORGANISASI

Connie Chairunnisa, Connie

The Effects of Leadership, System and Structure, and Physical Environment on the
Effectiveness of Organization. The research aims at obtaining information of the effect of the leadership, system
and structure, and physical environment on the effectiveness of organization. This causal study was conducted in
one hundred schools in Jakarta.The research to use survey method with causal approach and path analysis. The
Population is teachers in yunior hight school in Provinsi DKI Jakarta as many as 288, and sample as many as 100
teachers with simple random sampling The results of the research showed direct effects (1)system and structure on
physical environment as many as 0,311 with path coefficient 0,558 ; (2) leadership on the effectiveness as many as
0,168 with path coefficient 0,407; (3) system and structure on except physical environment also on the effectiveness
of organization as many as 0,102 with path coefficient 0,326;( 4) physical environment on the effectiveness of
organization, as many as 0,109 with path coefficient 0,317; 5) system and structure showed indirect effect on the
effectiveness of organization through the physical environment as many as 0,179 with path coefficient 0,316. The
results of research showed that any change or variation in organizational effectiveness to be found effected by
leadership, system and structure and physical environment.
Keywords:Leadership,system and structure, physical environment, effectiveness of organization.
ABSTRAK: Kepemimpinan, Sistem dan Struktur Organisasi, Lingkungan Fisik, dan Keefektifan Organisasi.
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pengaruh kepemimpinan, sistem dan struktur organisasi, dan
lingkungan fisik terhadap keefektifan organisasi. Penelitian diselenggarakan di seratus sekolah di Jakarta, dengan
menggunakan metode survei melalui pendekatan kausal dan analisis jalur. Sampel sebanyak 100 guru SMP Negeri
Provinsi DKI Jakarta diambil dengan teknik penyampelan acak sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa
terdapat pengaruh langsung dari (1) sistem dan struktur organisasi terhadap lingkungan fisik;(2)kepemimpinan
kepala sekolah terhadap keefektifan organisasi; (3)sistem dan struktur terhadap lingkungan fisik juga terhadap
keefektifan organisasi;(4)lingkungan fisik terhadap keefektifan organisasi;dan (5) sistem dan struktur organisasi
menunjukkan pengaruh tidak langsung terhadap keefektifan organisasi melalui lingkungan fisik. Hasil penelitian
membuktikan bahwa variasi atau perubahan manapun terhadap keefektifan organisasi dapat dipengaruhi oleh
perilaku kepemimpinan, sistem dan struktur serta lingkungan fisik.

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