IMPORT COMPONENTS AND IMPORT MULTIPLIERS IN INDONESIAN ECONOMY: WORLD INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS

 

IMPORT COMPONENTS AND IMPORT MULTIPLIERS IN INDONESIAN ECONOMY: WORLD INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS

Muchdie, Muchdie

This paper calculates, presents and discusses on import components and the
impact of final demand change on Indonesian imports using Indonesian 36
sector input-output tables of years: 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014 from World
Input-Output Tables. The results showed that firstly, Indonesian import
components of input were, on average, more than 20 percent; meaning that
input that locally provided were less than 80 percent. Secondly, Indonesian
import of input had increased significantly from US$ 36,011 million in 2000
to US$ 151,505 million in 2014. Thirdly, Indonesian imports have been
dominated by Sector-3: Manufacture of food products, beverages and
tobacco products, Sector-4: Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products, Sector-24: Construction, Sector-25: Wholesale and retail
trade and repair, and Sector-26: Transportation and post services. Fourthly,
by country of origin, Indonesian imports have been dominated by Japan,
Korea, the USA, Australia, and China. Imports from Australia, Japan, and the
US have been decreased significantly, but import from China has steadily
increased. Finally, highest sectoral import multipliers occurred if final
demands change in Sector-1: Crop and animal production, forestry, fishing
and aquaculture, Sector-2: Mining and quarrying, Sector-23: Water
collection; sewerage; waste collection, treatment and disposal activities, and
Sector-30: Real estate activities, but there was no significant difference of
import multipliers for country origin of import.

Silahkan Unduh Disini!

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