DUKUNGAN PEROKOK DAN BUKAN PEROKOK TERHADAP KEBIJAKAN PENGENDALIAN TEMBAKAU DI KOTA DENPASAR DAN YOGYAKARTA

Abstract

Introduction. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which was initiated by WHO is
the initial movement of protection for people who do not smoke. Support for tobacco control policies in
Bali and Yogyakarta is given not only by the people of nonsmokers but also by the people who have the
smoking behavior.
Methods. This study was a survey poll with sample of 128 respondents from Denpasar and Yogyakarta.
Respondents were selected using cluster sampling technique. Data collected by interviewing respondents
aged 15-50 years. The instrument of collecting data was questionnaire. Data collection was conducted
from May to June 2013. The analysis used comparative of the proportion of smokers and non-smokers
support for tobacco control policies.
Result.: Characteristics of respondents in Denpasar, most of them were not smoking (57.5%) while most
of respondents in the city of Yogyakarta were smoking (54.2%). The comparison in Denpasar showed
support from smokers (97.1%) and non-smokers (97.8%) were same in supporting the implementation of
the ban on smoking in public places and bounded workspace. The ban of smoking in public transport and
shopping malls were more supported by non-smokers (97.8%) than smokers (79.4%). In Yogyakarta, non
smokers support the implementation of legislation to ban smoking in public places and bounded
workspace (100%), at shopping centers and public transportation (95.5%). Than smokers in Denpasar
and Yogyakarta are provide supporting respectively, 94.1% and 84.6% supporting regulation pictorial
warnings on all tobacco product packaging, 85.3% and 88.5% supporting regulation for warning the
dangers of smoking on the outer packaging of cigarettes, 79.4% and 72% support a ban regulations
coloring, logos on cigarette packs, only 44.1% and 53.8% supported a ban on using labels flavors such
as menthol, chocolate and coffee flavor.
Conclusions. Support for smoking control regulations given by smoker or non-smoker respondents in
Denpasar and Yogyakarta. There should be a continuous effort by planned and provide health education
about dangers of smoking and exposure of cigarette smoke in all society.

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